Adverbs

The adverbs and the adjectives in English

Adjectives qualify nouns.

Adverbs qualify actions. Adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives or other adverbs.

Eva is a careful girl – adjectiveEva drives carefullyadverb

Difference between an adjective and an adverb

I am a slow driver (How am I? → slow → adjective)
I drive slowly (How do I drive? → slowly → adverb)

Adjective when you indicate something about the noun

Adverb when you indicate something about the action

Form: Adjective + -ly

adjectiveadverb
dangerousdangerously
safesafely
happyhappily
horriblehorribly
easyeasily
literalliterally
shyshyly
GOODWELL

BE CAREFUL He is a good cat but he does not fell well

BE CAREFUL Not all words ending in -ly are adverbs:

  • adjectives ending in -ly: curly, chilly, friendly, elderly, silly, lonely, ugly, lovely, lively
  • nouns, ending in -ly: butterfly, family, jelly, ally, bully, melancholy
  • verbs, ending in -ly: apply, rely, reply, supply, comply, imply

Used:

– to modify verbs

The team played badly.

I want to live intensely.

– to modify adjectives

It was an extremely bad match.

I feel rather ashamed.

-to modify adverbs

Mark behaves utterly well.

There are quite a lot of people.

– to modify sentences

Unfortunately, the flight has been cancelled.

Suddenly, the lights went out.

Types:

Adverbs of frequency

They answer how often something happens.

  • always
  • usually
  • often
  • sometimes
  • rarely
  • hardly ever
  • seldom
  • never

These adverbs go before the verb.

Subjectauxiliaryadverb of frequencyverb
He nevergets up early
Theycanoftendo it
I do notalwaysgo there

BUT after verb to be

Subjectverb to beadverb of frequency
Sueisseldom late

Adverbs of time

They answer when something happens.

Adverbs of place

They answer where something happens.

Adverbs of manner

They answer how something happens.

Adverbs of degree

They answer how much something happens.

Adverbs and adjectives that have the same form

closedailyearlyfair
farfastfreehard
highlatelikelikely
livelonglowright
widewrong

visita blog del mismo autor